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首页-新闻资讯-拔除钢板桩时要注意那些方面?

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来源:http://www.jnlsgbz.com/ 日期:2021-11-24 发布人:lasen
钢板桩施工作为一种新型建材,在建桥围堰、大型管道铺设、临时沟渠开挖时作挡土、挡水、挡沙墙;在码头、卸货场作护墙、挡土墙、堤防护岸等,工程上发挥重要作用。拉森钢板桩做围堰不仅绿色、环保而且施工速度快、施工费用低,具有很好的防水功能。那么在钢板桩施工结束后,拔除钢板桩时要注意哪些事项呢?下面且听建设专家一一告诉您:
As a new type of building materials, steel sheet piles are used as retaining walls for soil, water and sand during bridge cofferdam construction, large-scale pipeline laying and temporary ditch excavation; It plays an important role in Wharf and unloading yard as retaining wall, retaining wall and embankment revetment. Larsen steel sheet pile as cofferdam is not only green and environment-friendly, but also has fast construction speed and low construction cost, and has good waterproof function. So what should be paid attention to when pulling out the steel sheet pile after the construction of the steel sheet pile? Let's listen to the construction experts tell you one by one:
1、打桩机及副手臂的安装与拆卸作业,请在平坦而坚硬的地面上进行。
1. The installation and disassembly of pile driver and auxiliary arm shall be carried out on a flat and hard ground.
2、二人以上或有导向员共同作业时,请按规定的联络信号作业。
2. When two or more persons or guides work together, please operate according to the specified contact signal.
3、打桩机进行装卸时,请使用吊车。吊钩具有防止它脱钩的装置。
3. When loading and unloading the pile driver, please use the crane. The hook has a device to prevent it from unhooking.
4、请每日检查马达刹车、液压管、以及各部分螺栓、螺母、轴销等是否松脱。打桩机的机油(润滑油)的容量和泄漏检查。
4. Please check whether the motor brake, hydraulic pipe, bolts, nuts and shaft pins are loose every day. Capacity and leakage inspection of oil (lubricating oil) of pile driver.
5、副手臂的安装及拆卸,按液压挖掘机铲斗的安装与卸下的要领进行。
5. The installation and removal of the auxiliary arm shall be carried out according to the essentials of the installation and removal of the bucket of the hydraulic excavator.
6、请检查夹嘴齿块是否磨损过度。
6. Please check whether the clamping nozzle tooth block is excessively worn.
7、请定期清理桩头部的积土等,如果桩头部变形,请切勿除掉。
7. Please clean the accumulated soil at the pile head regularly. If the pile head is deformed, please do not remove it.
8、装卸液压管、连接器时请注意关掉液压挖掘机的发动机,待液压系统的内压解除之后进行。如果仍然有内压则会喷油。关于解除内压的方法,请看液压挖掘机公司发行的“操作说明书”。
8. When loading and unloading hydraulic pipes and connectors, please turn off the engine of the hydraulic excavator until the internal pressure of the hydraulic system is relieved. If there is still internal pressure, fuel injection will occur. For the method of relieving internal pressure, please refer to the "operation manual" issued by hydraulic excavator company.
9、关于液压管的操作,当高压运转漏油接触到皮肤或进眼睛时,将对人体引起很大的危险,因此请戴保护眼镜和厚手套。当高压油喷出时,在喷口用塞头阻挡,并采取停喷的措施。
9. As for the operation of the hydraulic pipe, when the oil leakage during high-pressure operation contacts the skin or enters the eyes, it will cause great danger to the human body. Therefore, please wear protective glasses and thick gloves. When high-pressure oil is ejected, plug the nozzle and take measures to stop the injection.
10、当减振橡胶发生龟裂时,在未更换上新的减振橡胶前,请不要开机使用。
10. When the vibration damping rubber is cracked, please do not start the machine until a new vibration damping rubber is replaced.
11、高频液压振动打桩机及挂钩作业的操作,请由有认证、熟练的驾驶员进行操作。
11. The operation of high-frequency hydraulic vibration pile driver and hook operation shall be carried out by certified and skilled drivers.
12、在打桩及拔桩作业时,请在桩上安装辅助钢丝缆后再进行作业。
12. During pile driving and pile pulling operation, please install auxiliary steel wire rope on the pile before operation.
13、当发生液压管断裂时,请立即停止打桩,把桩调整到不至于倒下或者脱落状态之后,关断液压挖掘机的发动机。
13. When the hydraulic pipe breaks, please stop piling immediately, adjust the pile to the state that it will not fall down or fall off, and turn off the engine of the hydraulic excavator.
14、打桩、拔桩作业时,请不要超过打桩机大拉伸负荷,有损坏减振橡胶,打桩机脱落的危险。请留意您所使用打桩机的型号之大伸拉负荷。
14. During pile driving and pulling, please do not exceed the large tensile load of the pile driver, which may damage the damping rubber and cause the pile driver to fall off. Please pay attention to the large extension load of the model of pile driver you use.
15、请不要勉强打桩拔桩作业。请不要在车体浮动的状况下作业,具有危性。
15. Please do not force the pile driving and pulling operation. Please do not operate under the floating condition of the vehicle body, which is dangerous.
16、除了连接桩的作业之外,请不要在打桩机的正下面站立。请不要在螺栓脱落方业。
16. Do not stand directly under the pile driver except for the operation of connecting piles. Please do not work when the bolt falls off.
17、打桩机运转的时候,请务必把齿块夹紧。而且确认液压系统正常使用。
17. Please be sure to clamp the gear block when the pile driver is running. And confirm that the hydraulic system is in normal use.
18、不要在没有夹住桩的状态下作业(称冲击打),因为会直接伤害打桩机。
18. Do not work without clamping the pile (called impact driving), because it will directly hurt the pile driver.
19、齿块夹桩时,齿块与桩头不应有间隙,请完全卡紧。因为夹不紧则容易发生桩倒及脱落等非常危险,请要夹紧。
19. When the tooth block clamps the pile, there should be no gap between the tooth block and the pile head. Please clamp it completely. If it is not clamped tightly, the pile is likely to fall down and fall off, which is very dangerous. Please clamp it.
20、钢板桩在打桩与拔桩时,液压挖掘机的操作要平均承载于减振橡胶上。同时确认桩的垂直。
20. When driving and pulling out steel sheet piles, the operation of hydraulic excavator shall be evenly loaded on damping rubber. At the same time, confirm the verticality of the pile.
钢板桩施工
Steel sheet pile construction
21、请不要在打桩情况下,任意移动液压挖掘机臂,容易产生危险。
21. Please do not move the hydraulic excavator arm arbitrarily under the condition of piling, which is easy to cause danger.
22、钢板桩拔桩时请不要横拽。
22. Please do not pull the steel sheet pile horizontally when pulling out the pile.
23、请确认打桩机完全停止之后,再打开夹嘴。
23. Please confirm that the pile driver stops completely before opening the pinch nozzle.
24.施工打拔桩机的连续运转,请按平均每一个桩,十分钟左右为标准,每一小时休息5-10分钟。打桩机长时间运转,因提高振动器温度,会缩短轴承、油马达、密封垫片的寿命。
24. For the continuous operation of the construction pile driving and pulling machine, please take about ten minutes for each pile as the standard, and rest for 5-10 minutes every hour. When the pile driver operates for a long time, the service life of bearing, oil motor and sealing gasket will be shortened due to the increase of vibrator temperature.
25.强风暴雨时,请不要操作打桩机。
25. Please do not operate the pile driver during strong storm and rain.
26.钢板桩的拔除时,可移动齿块要夹在钢板桩中间。
26. When pulling out the steel sheet pile, the movable tooth block shall be clamped in the middle of the steel sheet pile.
27.板桩的打桩与拔桩时,若需旋转打桩机,请注意液压管不要绞入或者扭住。
27. When driving and pulling out sheet piles, if it is necessary to rotate the pile driver, please pay attention not to twist or twist the hydraulic pipe.
28.在拔桩作业时,请务必使用挂吊钢索进行。
28. During the pile pulling operation, please be sure to use the hanging wire rope.
29.休息和作业中断时,请关闭液压挖掘机的发动机。
29. Please turn off the engine of the hydraulic excavator when the rest and operation are interrupted.
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